As part of an international project to stabilize the level of the Dead Sea, which has been dropping for 50 years, an ambitious project for conveying water from the Red Sea is being assessed. This project involves a number of territories, including Jordan, Israel and Palestine.

The project features a 210 km pipeline, a pumping station with an annual capacity of 2.1 billion m3 and a desalination facility with an annual capacity of 930 million m3.

This important project, carried out in the form of a BOT (Build, Operate and Transfer), has 3 objectives:

– Increase drinking water ressources in southern Jordan, Israël and the Palestinian territories

– Fight against the drying up of the Dead Sea

– Participate in developing and pacify the region

The project includes:

– a desalination station located approximately 20km north of the city of Aqaba in Jordan with a capacity of 65m3/year. This will involve three pumping stations and four turbining stations along a feeder pipe crossing an incline of more than 300 m

– a deep water intake (140m) in the Red Sea and underwater piping of 23m3/s

– a pumping station to transport sea water from the Red Sea to the desalination station with a capacity of 10m3/s

– a salt water transfer system from the desalination plant to the Dead Sea of about 200KM equiped with pumping and reservoir stations and with a capacity of 8m3/s

– hydroelectric plants using the vertical drop between the highest point of the transfer system (250m) to the Dead Sea (-435m)


Our group provides technical, legal and financial assistance to the Jordanian government.
Hydraulic engineering branch is particularly involved in designing the water transfer system from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea.

- Optimizing pipe diameters

- Hydraulic analysis continuously and/or temporary

- Comparing pipe materials

- Preliminary design for the transfer system (pipes, pumping stations, reservoirs)

- Designing of the Hydroelectric Stations

- The choice of technology

- The preliminary design of the Hydroelectric stations

- Designing the Security System

- Drafting of the Business Consulting Document

- Analysis of offers

- Assisting the contractors when negotiating with a selected candidate


setec  has demonstrated also the feasibility of recovering energy over the descent path toward the Dead Sea via four 8 MWe hydraulic power stations.

setecs' role is to:

- Assist the client from the initial project feasibility phases to the selection of a construction company

- Assist the client with all the saltwater turbining issues involved in transporting water from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea

- Selecting the sites for the facilities, considering technical and financial aspects for optimal CAPEX and OPEX

- Designing the power stations

- Defining design acceptance criteria

Producing technical specifications for the machines and related utilities



Key figures

Period of services

January 2016 – December 2017

Key challenges

- The project involves high economic and technical stakes, including turbining station profitability and return on investment, pipeline sensitivity to water hammers and earthquakes, and lifespan

- Specific regulation covers the buffer tanks, response time and water level stability

- The tubines must be adapted mechanically and hydraulically to brine leakage